HAMAS: Terrorists or Freedom Fighters?


Guruji Suniltams

The Israel-Palestine conflict has been a complex and contentious issue for decades, with multiple actors and perspectives involved. One of the key players in this ongoing conflict is HAMAS, an acronym for Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya, which translates to the Islamic Resistance Movement. HAMAS has been labeled a terrorist organization by some countries and entities, while others view it as a legitimate political and resistance movement. In this blog post, we will explore the reality of HAMAS, its history, goals, and the different perspectives surrounding its classification as a terrorist organization.

Who Are Hamas and Why Do They Hate Israel?

HAMAS: A Brief History

HAMAS was founded in 1987 during the First Intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation. Its creation was influenced by various factors, including the Palestinian desire for self-determination, the failure of negotiations, and the rise of political Islam in the region. HAMAS’s founding charter, known as the Hamas Covenant, espouses Islamist principles and calls for the liberation of all of historical Palestine, including what is now Israel.

Political Wing vs. Military Wing

One of the key distinctions within HAMAS is its separation into a political wing and a military wing. The political wing, represented by HAMAS leaders in Gaza and the West Bank, is responsible for governance and administration. It provides social services, operates schools and hospitals, and runs for elections in Palestinian territories.

Conversely, the military wing, known as the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, is responsible for armed resistance activities. This division between political and military functions has led to varying opinions on the classification of HAMAS as a terrorist organization.

Different Perspectives on HAMAS

  1. Terrorist Organization Perspective: Several countries, including the United States, Israel, and the European Union, classify HAMAS as a terrorist organization. They point to the group’s use of violence, including suicide bombings and rocket attacks, as evidence of its terrorist activities. Critics argue that HAMAS intentionally targets civilians, which they view as a clear violation of international law.
  2. Resistance Movement Perspective: HAMAS’s supporters, including some Palestinian factions and nations in the Middle East, see the group as a legitimate resistance movement. They argue that HAMAS arose in response to the Israeli occupation and that it is defending Palestinian rights. From this perspective, HAMAS’s military activities are seen as acts of self-defense rather than terrorism.
  3. Humanitarian and Social Services Perspective: Another dimension to HAMAS’s identity is its provision of social services and humanitarian aid to Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank. Some argue that HAMAS’s social programs demonstrate its commitment to the welfare of its people, and this aspect of the organization should not be overlooked.


The question of whether HAMAS is a terrorist organization or a legitimate resistance movement is a matter of significant debate and depends on one’s perspective. It is crucial to recognize that HAMAS is a complex entity with both political and military components, as well as a long history rooted in the Palestinian struggle for self-determination. While some nations label HAMAS as a terrorist group, others argue that it should be seen in the broader context of the Israel-Palestine conflict. Ultimately, the classification of HAMAS is a highly politicized issue that reflects the broader challenges of resolving the longstanding conflict in the Middle East.

Also Read – Who Are Hamas and Why Do They Hate Israel?

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